Gwinnett County, Georgia
|Gwinnett County, Georgia|
Gwinnett Historic Courthouse in Lawrenceville
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia’s location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 15, 1818|
|Named for||Button Gwinnett|
|Largest city||Peachtree Corners|
|• Total||437 sq mi (1,132 km2)|
|• Land||430 sq mi (1,114 km2)|
|• Water||6.4 sq mi (17 km2), 1.5%|
|• Density||2,140/sq mi (830/km2)|
|Congressional districts||4th, 7th, 10th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
Gwinnett County is a county in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2017[update], the population is estimated to be 920,260, making it the second-most populous county in Georgia. Its county seat is Lawrenceville. The county is named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence.
Gwinnett County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government and politics
- 7 Hospitals
- 8 Media
- 9 Education
- 10 Sports
- 11 Communities
- 12 Notable people
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Created in 1818 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Gwinnett County was formed from parts of Jackson County (formerly part of Franklin County) and from lands gained through the cession of Creek Indian lands. Named for Button Gwinnett, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, the first county election was held at the home of Elisha Winn, and the first Superior Court was held in his barn. The county seat was later placed at Lawrenceville.
In 1831 a group of white men were tried and found guilty in Lawrenceville for violating Georgia law by living in the Cherokee Nation without a valid passport from the Governor. Two of the men appealed to the US Supreme Court in Worcester v. Georgia, which resulted in a ruling stating that only the federal government had jurisdiction over native lands, a decision which still stands.
The Freedmen’s Bureau was active in Gwinnett County during Reconstruction. In 1871 the courthouse in Lawrenceville was burned by the Ku Klux Klan in an attempt to avoid prosecution for their crimes, which included the shooting of a black election manager in Norcross  as well as bootlegging.
In 1861, all three of Gwinnett County’s representatives at the Georgia Constitutional Convention (1861) in Milledgeville voted against secession. Towards the end of the war, Union troops foraging in Gwinnett County as part of the Atlanta Campaign.
Early in the county’s history, gold mining was a minor industry. The Gwinnett Manufacturing Company, a cotton textile factory, operated in Lawrenceville in the 1850s through 1865, when it burned. The Bona Allen Company in Buford, Georgia produced saddles, harnesses and other leather goods from 1873 to 1981.
The northeastern part of Gwinnett County was removed to form a part of the new Barrow County in 1914.
The southern and central portions of Gwinnett County are located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Most of the county’s northern edge, from south of Peachtree Corners to north of Buford, is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The county’s eastern edge, north and south of Dacula, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.
The county maintains a regional airport under the name Gwinnett County Airport, formerly Briscoe Field.
Major roads and expressways
- Interstate 85
- Interstate 985
- U.S. Route 23
- U.S. Route 29
- U.S. Route 78
- State Route 8
- State Route 10
- State Route 13
- State Route 20
- State Route 84
- State Route 120
- State Route 124
- State Route 140
- State Route 141
- State Route 264
- State Route 316
- State Route 317
- State Route 324
- State Route 347
- State Route 365
- State Route 378
- State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
- State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)
Although Interstate 285 does not run through the county, it can be accessed from some cities in western and southern Gwinnett, such as Norcross or Peachtree Corners via I-85 South, or US-78 West via Snellville.
- Xpress GA/ RTA Commuter buses and Gwinnett County Transit serve the county.
- Norcross Greyhound Bus Terminal, 2105 Norcross Pkwy, Norcross, GA 30071
- On April 12, 2018, Gwinnett County Officials updated the transit plans to connect to the rest of Metro Atlanta via heavy rail.
- Amtrak‘s Crescent passenger train currently runs through much of Gwinnett County, however the closest station is Peachtree Station. Amtrak is continuing to negotiate with MARTA, Norfolk Southern, and the Georgia DOT as it explores options for replacing its facility. Among the options currently under consideration is forming a single station with a direct connection to MARTA, Amtrak and Greyhound to further improve connectivity in the region.
Pedestrians and cycling
- Beaver Ruin Creek Greenway (Proposed)
- Camp Creek Greenway
- Cedar Creek Trail Loop
- Harbins Greenway (Proposed)
- Ivy Creek Greenway (Under construction)
- Ivy Creek-Snellville Trail (Proposed)
- Norcross-Lilburn Trail (Proposed)
- Piedmont Pathway (Proposed)
- Sugar Hill Greenway (Under construction)
- Suwanee Creek Greenway (Under construction)
- The Loop Trail (Proposed)
- Western Gwinnett Bikeway (Under construction)
In 2016, Suwanee unveiled the first Bike Share program in Gwinnett County.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 805,321 people, 268,519 households, and 203,238 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,871.2 inhabitants per square mile (722.5/km2). There were 291,547 housing units at an average density of 677.4 per square mile (261.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.3% White, 23.6% African American, 10.6% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.8% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.3% were German, 7.8% were Irish, 7.7% were English, and 5.8% were American.
Of the 268,519 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40. The median age was 33.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $63,219 and the median income for a family was $70,767. Males had a median income of $48,671 versus $39,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,901. About 8.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
- AGCO is headquartered in Duluth.
- American Megatrends is headquartered in Building 200, at 5555 Oakbrook Parkway, in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Norcross.
- Primerica is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett County, near Duluth.
- Waffle House is headquartered in Norcross
- Yerkes National Primate Research Center, the CDC‘s primate research center located on the campus of Emory University near Atlanta, maintains its high security Yerkes Field Station, which houses most of its primates, near Lawrenceville.
- Canon has its southeast region headquarters in Norcross.
- Datapath, a firm specializing in satellite communications and wireless communications systems, is headquartered in unincorporated Gwinnett, near Duluth.
According to the county’s website, the top employers in the area are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Gwinnett County Public Schools||21,007|
|2||Gwinnett County Government||5,137|
|3||Gwinnett Health Care System||4,053|
|6||State of Georgia||2,621|
|8||US Postal Service||2,172|
Government and politics
Under Georgia’s “home rule” provision, county governments have free rein to legislate on all matters within the county, provided that such legislation does not conflict with state or federal law, or state or federal Constitutions.
Gwinnett County, Georgia is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which exercises both legislative and executive authority within the county. The chairman of the board is elected county-wide and serves full-time. The four other commissioners are elected from single-member districts and serve part-time positions. The board hires a county administrator who oversees daily operations of the county’s twelve executive departments. Gwinnett County has a police department that operates under the authority of the Board of Commissioners. Some of the local Gwinnett city budgets have recently come under increasing scrutiny of the General Funds allocated to police services. Cities such as Duluth have allocated as much as forty percent of their city budgets, reaching some of the highest levels in the nation. Solutions to high spending being discussed include additional “investment in mental health, housing, youth development and living wages would stabilize communities and prove more effective than policing.”
In addition to the Board of Commissioners, county residents also elect persons to the following positions: Sheriff, District Attorney, Probate Court Judge, Clerk of State/Superior Court, Tax Commissioner, State Court Solicitor, Chief Magistrate Judge (who appoints other Magistrate Court judges), Chief Superior Court Judge and Superior Court Judges, and Chief State Court Judge and State Court Judges.
Gwinnett County has the largest public school system in the state of Georgia. Members of the Board of Education are elected from special election districts in the county.
From 1980 until 2012, the county was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first Democrat to win Gwinnett County since 1976, when Georgia native Jimmy Carter won every county in the state.
In 2018, the county voted for Democrat Stacy Abrams 14.4% over Republican Brian Kemp in the 2018 gubernatorial election – ending a long lasting trend of the county voting reliably Republican since the last couple decades.
Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners
|District||Name||Party||First elected||Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented|
|At-Large (Chair)||Charlotte J. Nash||Republican||2011||All|
|1||Jace Brooks||Republican||2012||Duluth, Suwanee|
|2||Ben Ku||Democratic||2018||Peachtree Corners, Berkeley Lake, Lilburn, Norcross, Tucker|
|3||Tommy Hunter||Republican||2012||Auburn, Dacula, Grayson, Loganville, Snellville|
|4||Marlene Fosque||Democratic||2018||Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill|
United States Congress
|Senate Class 2||Johnny Isakson||Republican||2004||Senior Senator|
|Senate Class 3||David Perdue||Republican||2014||Junior Senator|
|Representatives||Name||Party||First Elected||Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented|
|District 4||Hank Johnson||Democratic||2006||Lilburn, Norcross|
|District 7||Rob Woodall||Republican||2010||Lilburn, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Suwanee, Buford, Snellville|
|District 10||Jody Hice||Republican||2015||Dacula, Loganville|
Georgia General Assembly
Georgia State Senate
|District||Name||Party||First Elected||Area(s) of Gwinnett County represented|
|5||Curt Thompson||Democratic||2004||Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Norcross, Peachtree Corners|
|9||P.K. Martin IV||Republican||2014||Dacula, Grayson, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville|
|40||Sally Harrell||Democratic||2018||Norcross, Peachtree Corners|
|45||Renee Unterman||Republican||2002||Auburn, Braselton, Buford, Lawrenceville, Rest Haven, Sugar Hill, Suwanee|
|48||Zahra Karinshak||Democratic||2018||Berkeley Lake, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Norcross, Peachtree Corners, Suwanee|
|55||Gloria Butler||Democratic||1998||Grayson, Loganville, Mountain Park, Snellville|
Georgia House of Representatives
- Gwinnett Medical Center – Lawrenceville
- Gwinnett Medical Center – Duluth
- Eastside Medical Center – Snellville. Formerly Emory Eastside Medical Center, the hospital was purchased by Hospital Corporation of America in 2011.
The county’s main newspaper is the Gwinnett Daily Post.
Telemundo Atlanta and The Atlanta Journal-Constitution are both based out of Gwinnett.
Primary and secondary schools
Gwinnett County Public Schools operates the public schools for residents in Gwinnett County, with the exception of residents inside the Buford city limits, which are served by the Buford City School District. There are 143 schools in the district—21 high schools, 29 middle schools, 80 elementary schools and 13 specialty schools, making it the largest school district in Georgia.
- Greater Atlanta Christian School, the second-largest independent school in Georgia, is located in Norcross.
- Killian Hill Christian School is located in Lilburn.
- Providence Christian Academy is located in Lilburn.
- Seigakuin Atlanta International School, a private Japanese education system elementary and middle school, is located in Peachtree Corners. The school moved from property at Oglethorpe University to its current address, former property of the Romanian First Baptist Church, in 2003.
- Wesleyan School is located in Peachtree Corners.
Colleges and universities
- Georgia Gwinnett College is located in Lawrenceville, in Gwinnett County.
- Gwinnett Technical College is also located in Lawrenceville.
- Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Suwanee.
- Trevecca Nazarene University is located in Duluth.
|Atlanta Gladiators||Ice hockey||ECHL||Infinite Energy Arena||1995||0|
|Atlanta United 2||Soccer||United Soccer League||Coolray Field||2017||0|
|Gwinnett Stripers||Baseball||International League||Coolray Field||2009||0|
|Georgia Swarm||Lacrosse||National Lacrosse League||Infinite Energy Arena||2004||1|
- Braselton (partly in Jackson County, Hall County, and Barrow County)
- Rest Haven (partly in Hall County)
The rap group Migos hails from Gwinnett County. Migos won the 2015 YouTube Music Award, as well as several other notable entertainment television awards.
Strange Music artist Rittz also hails from Gwinnett County.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Gwinnett County, GA
- Larry Flynt shooting and Barbara Mackle kidnapping
- “About Gwinnett”. Gwinnettcounty.com. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- “Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)”. Census.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- “City of Lawrenceville, Georgia – Home Page”. Lawrencevillega.org. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 146.
- “History of Gwinnett County”. Gwinnetths.org. Gwinnett Historical Society. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Gagnon, Michael (2018). Gwinnett County: A Bicentennial Celebration. Gwinnett Historical Society: Gwinnett Historical Society.
- Holman, Tyler (2018). “A Destructive Conflagration”. Georgia Backroads. 17 (4): 39–43.
- “Josh McKoon: ‘The Klan was the original domestic terrorist organization‘“. Ajc.com. Atlanta Journal Constitution. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- “Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience”. Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
- “Norcross GA Bus Station – Greyhound”. Locations.greyhound.com.
- “Gwinnett’s transit plans now include running heavy rail into county”. Myajc.com.
- Curt Yeomans. “Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line”. Gwinnettdailypost.com.
- “Gwinnett Considers Adding heavy Rail to Transit”. Bizjournals.com. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- Curt Yeomans. “Gwinnett County officials proposing MARTA-style heavy rail line”. Gwinnettdailypost.com.
- “Gwinnett transit plan includes heavy rail connection to Doraville”. Ajc.com.
- “Amtrak in talks for new station at GM plant site”. Bizjournals.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Karen Huppertz, For the AJC. “Gateway85 CID hosting Beaver Ruin Greenway concept meeting”. Ajc.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- “New Camp Creek Greenway bridge opens in Lilburn”. Ajc.com.
- “Gwinnett trails master plan unveiled for review”. Ajc.com.
- Curt Yeomans. “Suwanee unveils new bike sharing stations”. Gwinnettdailypost.com.
- “American FactFinder”. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- “U.S. Decennial Census”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- “Historical Census Browser”. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- “Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- “Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000” (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- “State & County QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- “DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- “Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- “DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- “DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- “Contact Us.” American Megatrends. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- “Contact Us.” Primerica. Retrieved on January 5, 2010.
- “Contact us”. Wafflehouse.com. Norcross, GA: Waffle House. 2019. Archived from the original on February 16, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
- “Major Employers – Gwinnett County”. Gwinnettcounty.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- “CITY OF DULUTH GEORGIA : ANNUAL BUDGET REPORT : FISCAL YEAR 2017” (PDF). Duluthga.net. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- McCarthy, Niall. “How Much Do U.S. Cities Spend Every Year On Policing? [Infographic]”. Forbes.com.
- Leip, David. “Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections”. Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
- Rep. Kirby was elected in a special election in March 2012.
- “Contáctenos.” El Nuevo Georgia. Retrieved on September 18, 2012.
- “Media Kit 2011.” (in English) (Archive) El Nuevo Georgia. p. 7. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. “5855 Jimmy Carter Blvd. Norcross, GA 30071”
- “Map[permanent dead link]” (Map Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine). Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. “5505 Winters Chapel Road, Atlanta, GA 30360 USA”
- “Relocating school has Japan ties.” Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 29, 2002. JJ1. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
- “History Archived 2016-01-10 at WebCite.” Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
- “Gwinnett pop star MattyB, made famous from YouTube videos, continues success | PHOTOS”. Gwinnett Daily Post. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- Official website of Gwinnett County Government
- Gwinnett County Parks and Recreation
- Gwinnett County historical marker