Cannabis in Finland
Cannabis in Finland is illegal. The 50th chapter of the Criminal Code criminalises all dealings with illegal narcotics, including the production, import, transport, sale, possession and use of cannabis.
The prohibition of cannabis in Finland dates back to 1966. The criminalisation of personal use has been controversial. Personal use was made illegal in 1972. After a tie vote, the Grand Committee solved the issue by a random ballot.
The criminal procedure regarding personal use of illegal narcotics was reformed in 2001. The goal of the change was to relieve burden of personal use cases from the courts, expedite enforcement and standardise enforcement policies – specifically by stopping cases from not being prosecuted due to lack of resources. In the reformed procedure the police issue summary fines for most personal use offences, and cases are not brought to court unless the defendant so desires. Aggravated drug offences and possession with intent to redistribute (possession for sale) are always brought to court and penalties are harsher. In practice, possession of up to 10 grams of hashish or 15 grams of marijuana is deemed personal use and carries a penalty of 10–20 day-fines. On October 25th 2019 citizens' initiative to decriminalize personal use of cannabis gets needed 50000 votes forcing Finnish parliament to process proposed law. Citizen's initiative to decriminalize personal use of cannabis ended november 1st 2019 gaining total of 59609 votes.
An extremely limited group of medicinal users (223 in 2014) are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray and/or Bedrocan, Bediol or Bedica brand herbal cannabis from one of 27 apothecaries that have the permit to sell medical cannabis.
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