Cannabis in Finland is illegal. The 50th chapter of the Criminal Code criminalises all dealings with illegal narcotics, including the production, import, transport, sale, possession and use of cannabis.[1][2]

History[edit]

1966 – 1972: The beginning of prohibition[edit]

The prohibition of cannabis in Finland dates back to 1966. The criminalisation of personal use has been controversial.[3] After a tie vote, the Grand Committee's stance on the issue was decided by a random ballot.[4] In parliament, the personal use of cannabis was voted to be made illegal in 1971 by a vote of 92 for, 80 against. This outcome was at odds with the government's stance. The personal use of cannabis was made illegal in 1972.

2019: Push towards decriminalization[edit]

In late 2019, a citizens' initiative seeking to decriminalize the personal use of cannabis in Finland received the needed 50,000 signatures, and will therefore be processed by the parliament in the 2019–2023 session.

The collection of signatures ended on 1 November 2019, with a total of 59,609 votes.[5]

Personal use[edit]

The criminal procedure regarding personal use of illegal narcotics was reformed in 2001. The goal of the change was to relieve burden of personal use cases from the courts, expedite enforcement and standardise enforcement policies – specifically by stopping cases from not being prosecuted due to lack of resources. In the reformed procedure the police issue summary fines for most personal use offences, and cases are not brought to court unless the defendant so desires. Aggravated drug offences and possession with intent to redistribute (possession for sale) are always brought to court and penalties are harsher. In practice, possession of up to 10 grams of hashish or 15 grams of marijuana is deemed personal use and carries a penalty of 10–20 day-fines.[3]

Medical cannabis[edit]

An extremely limited group of medicinal users (223 in 2014) are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray and/or Bedrocan, Bediol or Bedica brand herbal cannabis from one of 27 apothecaries that have the permit to sell medical cannabis.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "39/1889: The Criminal Code of Finland". Finlex. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  2. ^ Kainulainen, Heini. "Huumeiden käyttäjien rikosoikeudellinen kontroll" (in Finnish). Haaste. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b "VKS:2006:1 Seuraamuksen määrääminen huumausaineen käyttörikoksesta" (in Finnish). Finnish Office of the Prosecutor General. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Kriminologi: "Säännelty on parempi kuin laiton" - Kannabiksen kohtalosta päätettiin aikoinaan arvalla". ESS.fi (in Finnish). 13 September 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  5. ^ https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/finlands_parliament_to_consider_cannabis_decriminalisation/11036983
  6. ^ "Nämä 27 apteekkia ovat myyneet lääkekannabista". Itä-Savo. Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  7. ^ Lääkekannabiksen käyttö puhuttaa | Turku, yle.fi, 30 March 2010, retrieved 17 February 2011
  8. ^ Silvàn, Sini. "Lääkekannabis edelleen marginaalinen lääke" (in Finnish). YLE. Retrieved 6 December 2016.

Further reading[edit]