Cannabis in Brazil
Cannabis in Brazil is illegal and criminalized, but possession and cultivation of personal amounts and for private use were de-penanalized in 2006. Limited cannabis-based medicines are permitted as of 2017.
Cannabis was introduced to Brazil by the Portuguese colonists in the early 1800s. Their intent may have been to cultivate hemp fiber, but the slaves the Portuguese trafficked from Africa were familiar with cannabis and used it psychoactively, leading the Municipal Council of Rio de Janeiro in 1830 to prohibit bringing cannabis into the city, and punishing its use by any slave.
Selling, transportation and trafficking of drugs are considered criminal acts and are punished with 5 to 15 years in prison and a significant fine.
- Professor Anita Kalunta-Crumpton (28 June 2015). Pan-African Issues in Drugs and Drug Control: An International Perspective. Ashgate Publis,ing, Ltd. pp. 242–. ISBN 978-1-4724-2214-9.
- Robert Clarke; Mark Merlin (1 September 2013). Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany. University of California Press. pp. 182–. ISBN 978-0-520-95457-1.
- Reuters Editorial (2017-01-16). "Brazil issues first license for sale of a cannabis-based drug". Reuters. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- Law 11.343, planalto.gov.br